Sunday, 26 February 2017

THE WONDERS OF WATERMELON.

We had earlier talked about the health benefits of soursop, view it here in case you missed it.The next in no particular order of significance is the watermelon.

Watermelon is an unusual fruit source of the carotenoid lycopene and a rich source of phenolic antioxidants. Watermelon contains cucurbitacin E, a triterpene anti-inflammatory phytonutrient, and unusual amounts of the amino acid citrulline. Watermelon is a very good source of vitamin C.
It is also a good source of pantothenic acid, copper, biotin, potassium, vitamin A (in the form of carotenoids), vitamin B1, vitamin B6 and magnesium.

Antibacterial and anti-cancer, it contains vitamin A and C, as well as iron and potassium. Its high water content makes it ideal for juicing.  It is a great addition to any weight-loss diet because it is low in calories and satisfies the sweet tooth. Watermelon rinds and seeds are both edible. Roasted, seasoned seeds make a great snack food, and the juicy rind can be stir-fried, stewed, or pickled.

Like other fruits and vegetables, watermelons may be helpful in reducing the risk of cancer through their antioxidant properties. Lycopene in particular has been linked to reducing prostate cancer cell proliferation, according to the National Cancer Institute.

Watermelon facts
1. Some fun facts about watermelons, from the National Watermelon Promotion Board and Science Kids.   

2. The watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is related to cucumbers, pumpkins and squash.

3. The watermelon probably originated in the Kalahari Desert in Africa.

4. Egyptians placed watermelons in the burial tombs of kings to nourish them in the afterlife. The first recorded watermelon harvest is depicted in Egyptian hieroglyphics from about 5,000 years ago.

5. Merchants spread the use of watermelons along the Mediterranean Sea. By the 10th century, watermelons had found their way to China, which is now the world's top producer of watermelons.

6. The Moors in the 13th century brought watermelons to Europe.

7. The watermelon likely made its way to the United States with African slaves.

8. Early explorers used watermelons as canteens.

9. The first cookbook published in the United States in 1776 contained a recipe for watermelon rind pickles.

10. About 200 to 300 varieties are grown in the United States and Mexico, but only about 50 varieties are very popular.

11. By weight, watermelon is the most consumed melon in the United States, followed by cantaloupe and honeydew.

12. The watermelon is the official state vegetable of Oklahoma.

13. All parts of a watermelon can be eaten, even the rind.

14. Guinness World Records says the world's heaviest watermelon was grown by Lloyd Bright of Arkadelphia, Arkansas, in 2005. It weighed 268.8 lbs. (121.93 kg).

15. The United States ranks fifth in the worldwide production of watermelons. Forty-four states grow watermelons, with Florida, Texas, California, Georgia and Arizona leading the country in production.

16. A seedless watermelon is a sterile hybrid, which is created by crossing male pollen for a watermelon, containing 22 chromosomes per cell, with a female watermelon flower with 44 chromosomes per cell. When this seeded fruit matures, the small, white seed coats inside contain 33 chromosomes, rendering it sterile and incapable of producing seeds.


Now that you know all these, go ahead and put it to good use!
Have you read about the soursop?

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